What it is used for
Ritalin Adult is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
• It is used in adults.
• It is used only after non-drug treatments, such as counseling and behavioral therapy, have been tried and have not worked on their own.
Ritalin Adult is not intended to treat ADHD in children and adolescents. Other methylphenidate medicines are available for these age groups.
How Does Ritalin Work?
Ritalin works by increasing the amount of the neurotransmitter dopamine in a region of the brain called the striatum, which is related to motivation, action, and cognition. Dopamine is a chemical messenger that’s used by nerve cells to communicate with each other. It plays a role in how we feel pleasure and the activation of reward in the brain when we perform certain behaviors.
People with ADHD tend to have low dopamine levels, which can make even the most mundane tasks difficult to concentrate on and complete. This is especially common among children with ADHD, mainly because they have too many molecules in their brain that suck up dopamine before it can be used for other functions like motivation and cognition.
Ritalin blocks these receptors, allowing dopamine to collect in the brain. High levels of dopamine are not only shown to improve mood and provide a sense of well-being, but it’s also shown to increase motivation and performance in certain tasks. Basically, Ritalin highlights the task at hand, making it seem interesting enough that the person is more willing to focus, which is why this medication is so effective for people with ADHD.
However, with any medication, it’s always important to know the possible side effects that could occur. Common Ritalin side effects include:
- Trouble sleeping
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Nausea and/or vomiting
Adults with ADHD often find it difficult to concentrate. You feel restless, impatient and inattentive. They may have trouble organizing their personal life and work.
Not all patients with ADHD need to be treated with medication.
ADHD does not affect intelligence.